Maria Harja, Olga Kotova, Gabriela Ciobanu, Loredana Litu
The development of new materials, with imposing properties – for environmental protection, represents a challenge for contemporary society. In this paper, we propose obtaining of new adsorbent materials from thermo plant ash and lime. The use of ash presents the advantage, because this waste is in great quantities, and it is a way for its capitalization. The new materials offer new scientific and technological perspectives due to the specific interesting physical properties of these materials. The utilization of adsorbents based on ash/lime, for waste water depletion, represents an alternative with ecological and economic implications. The authors present in this study the results of experimental researches on the adsorbents prepared in the laboratory using fly ash produced at CET Holboca Iasi and lime from Bicaz. The experimental conditions of obtaining new adsorbents were established and the characterization of synthesized materials was realized. Raw and synthesized materials were characterized by: SEM/EDAX (Quanta 3D – AL99/D8229), XRD (X’Pert PRO MRD X-ray diffractometer), BET (Quanta-chrome Instruments) and FT-IR analysis (DIGILAB FTS 2000). Experimental results demonstrated that the new materials can be successfully used for removal of lead from waste water. The removal rate was over 97%, after 60 minutes, and adsorption capacities were obtained of 21.25 mg/g. The resulted product is easy to separate and can be used as building material. On the other hand, the product is not polluted for the environment.