Cristian Teodorescu, Carol Blaziu Lehr, Anders Stolan
Conference: International Symposium “The Environment and the Industry”
Date: October 13-14, 2016
Location: Bucharest, Romania
Published: 2016
Knowledge-based Development
Smart Communities
Industrial facilities must comply with the ever stricter resource management and environmental
regulations and the Best Available Techniques (BAT) documents are the reference for their
performance. Smart Cities represent a voluntary initiative directed to implement sustainable
development to human communities. The paper suggests that these two separate actions must
conjugate their efforts and achieve sustainability at an integrated level. BAT&SMART would
denote geographical, even trans-border areas where industrial development and human
communities collaborate for sustainability. Smart Cities should well perform along at least 6
main co-ordinates: smart governance, smart economy, smart living, smart people, smart
mobility and smart environment. At EU level, classifications since 2007 include several
Romanian cities (Sibiu, Timisoara, Craiova) but their position is at the very end of the list (73,
76, 77 of a 77 city sample). Driving forces for BAT&Smart Projects: poverty, limited resources,
environmental stress, social entropy. For industrial platforms adjacent to medium size cities
the problem is acute because of few alternatives to existing industry, interest of private persons
to replace the industry with profitable residential/commercial projects. Industry has the experts,
city administrations are politically motivated – the paper presents authors’ experience in
developing BAT&Smart elements and details how these should be put together in a Road
Map/Strategy by multidisciplinary teams applying the knowledge based development (BAT
industry AND smarter communities). An important side result could be an intricate symbiotic
relationship City-Industrial Platform that could prevent further destruction of the few industrial
facilities remaining in Romania, encouraging their revival.

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